October 16, 2019
The politics of trade, markets, international bargaining and the role of government and extra governmental actors in these processes are classified as international political economy. Each actor, whether it is a country or corporation, has its role to play and its own policies for interacting in the global marketplace. In order to understand the interactions amongst parties it is necessary to understand each party’s policies and the reason behind them. In terms of governments as global actors, these international policies are rooted in domestic policy. The implication of this idea is that foreign policies are subjective and rely more on internal institutions, which are a result of national development and history, rather than the pressures of external forces. National goals and needs shape international actions. It is in this view that this paper will be based – the role of domestic actors and government in the international trade. In June 2002, the international trade market was shocked when the Philippines’ newspapers were flooded with news that the Philippines will leave the Cairns Group if Australia will not end the 20-year ban imposed on Philippine fruits including mangoes, bananas, pineapples, and coconut peat. The Philippines is negotiating to get Australia’s clearance to export the aforementioned fresh fruits despite bilateral negotiations between Manila and Canberra over the past five years and the talks continue until today.
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