THE CONCEPT OF UTANG NA LOOB IN THE PHILIPPINES: UTANG NA LOOB SCALE

Asst. Prof. Geselle Manguiat, RPm, RPsy | Angelo Miguel Gundran | John Rovin Manalo | Pauline Anne Soriano | Rance Louise Cagsawa |

April 16, 2021
Psychology

The Filipino value of Utang na Loob refers to an obligation to appropriately repay a person who has done one a favor. This value is impossible to quantify as it involves a deep personal and internal dimension. In Filipino Psychology, value equates to the concept of “kapwa”— a shared personhood or shared self. In this paper, the researchers aim to measure how much individuals are willing to give back or demonstrate their appreciation based on their Utang na Loob. This Filipino value is divided into five dimensions: 1) Closeness, 2) Obligation, 3) Reciprocity, 4) Respect, and 5) Obligation. These dimensions are then used as a guideline to form the questionnaire. Keywords: Utang na Loob, Closeness, Obligation, Reciprocity, Respect, and Obligation

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