Food Security

FOOD AVAILABILITY AND ACCESS THROUGH PARTICIPATORY INTERVENTION: DESCRIPTIVE QUANTITATIVE EVIDENCE FROM METRO MANILA

Food availability and access is one of the pillars of food security. By evaluating the performance of the National Food Authority in Metro Manila, the study argues that participatory intervention is the key toward an improved food security program. Quantitative data were gathered from poor communities, particularly from 400 respondents living below the poverty line as determined by Department of Social Welfare and Development. Results showed that there is a low level of implementation of the NFA food security program. In particular, the evaluation results of the effectiveness, efficiency, impact and sustainability of the program are low, which respectively revealed the mean results of 1.95, 1.87, 1.94 and 1.91. This evaluation discloses several components of participatory intervention: treatment of poor communities as equal partners; having a flexible policy or program of action for targeting and services; mixing of evaluation, intervention and participation components; and support linkages. The initial findings about participatory intervention critically delineate the fusion between governmentality and state regulation approaches to promote a more effective food security program.

MACRO DIMENSIONS OF FOOD SECURITY IN THE PHILIPPINES

Time series data of the selected commodities and crops based on the Food Staples Sufficiency Program (FSSP) covering 27 years from 1990 to 2016 were used in the study. In terms of the food availability, accessibility and utilization, there is a negative or a declining pattern showing threats on food security condition of the country. As a whole, however, the food security index measured using the principal component analysis, shows an upward trending pattern condition of food security. This result suggests that the Philippines is food secure taken collectively the interaction of the three dimensions. Empirical results validated the major role of experts in agriculture in sustaining the food security condition of the country.